Sunday, 30 September 2012


In the recent years, there is an increasing number of suicides amongst the students, reflects the state of emotional imbalance. Which demands some concrete, effective, feasible proactive programmes to address the issues of the socio-emotional and health problems of the students appropriate to evolve more effective and student friendly educational system? This study was carried out on 311 engineering students to find out how they rate themselves on some cognitive parameters, state of anxiety, depression and general health problems, getting reflected in the form of psychosomatic symptoms and the whole effort has been made to explore cognitive, emotional and health profile of the student as they perceive on seven points scale with purpose of understanding of students on these cognitive competence, affective strength and physical health, which cause serious challenge to the educational institutions. The findings are alarming! A large percent of students are having severe anxiety, higher depression, problems in cognitive and health parameters. The results suggest that, the crisis among the engineering students is deeply rooted in to family, past educational system; many unresolved conflicts at 10+2 level travel to the new campus due to several social, educational and age specific factors. Findings strongly suggest for initiating effective programmes of counselling and guidance services for students, surveillance of those having poor family and peer groups support.

M.S. Nagananda 
Research Scholar,
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, 
Indian Institute of Technology (IITD) & AIIMS, New Delhi.

Head, Department of Social Sciences,
National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), New Delhi.

Amit Sengupta
Adjunct Professor, Bio-medical Engineering,
Centre for Biomedical Engineering (CBME), IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.

S.M.K. Rahman
Senior Design Engineer,
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.

J. Santhosh
Computer Services Centre IITD, New Delhi.

S. Anand
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.


Do the Indian students have the required traits in expected measures to pursue entrepreneurship as an alternative to their career? Is there any difference in the traits possessed by the students in comparison with the international averages? A Study of students of Manipal University, Karnataka, India was conducted using the General Entrepreneurial Tendency Test GETT) developed at Durham University by John and Caird to identify the entrepreneurial traits of the students. The purpose of the study is to explore the entrepreneurial traits of Indian University students and compare it with international averages. The study is also made to explore if there are any variation of traits amongst the gender, background or streams which the students are studying in.This paper helps in understanding whether the Indian students possess required traits which are necessary to enable them to consider Entrepreneurship as an option for their future goals. Secondly ithelps to understand if the scores of the Indian students are deviating from the average scores in order to draw conclusions based on the same.Thefindings revealed that the scores for all the traits were below average. However, it also revealed that the female students are scoring higher in many of the traits as compared to male students. Future research using a wider sample isnecessary to understand the entrepreneurial traits amongst various groups in order to develop different approaches to teaching entrepreneurship as well as capacity building of entrepreneurial students.


Associate Professor 
Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration 
Manipal University


Today, meeting customers’ anticipations are the major challenges facing by the employees of banking services in India. This is why improvement of quality of service delivery is a vital concern for banking services. Quality of service delivery is increasingly being seen as a key strategic differentiator within the financial services sector, with most major players undertaking some form of quality initiative. Thus, the present study focuses on customer views and anticipations of service delivery in selected public, private and foreign banks in Andhra Pradesh. The study conducted among six banks of Andhra Pradesh, viz., State Bank of India (SBI) and Punjab National Bank (PNB) in public sector banks being the largest and oldest banks in India, ICICI Bank and Axis Bank in the private sector banks being the 2nd largest bank and most successful bank in India, and Citibank and Standard Chartered Bank having the maximum operations in India among the foreign banks. Technology and people are playing an important role in the service delivery process, the optimum mix of these (technology and people) decides the competitive advantage of an organization in the service delivery process A sample of 600 useable questionnaires of customers has been analyzed. The study concluded that delivering high quality of services delivery is one of the best ways for banks to react to competition. The outcome of the study shows that banks can assess dimensions of service delivery to determine the level of services provided and to decide which dimensions need improvement.

N. R. Mohan Prakash 
Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, GITAM Institute of Management, 
GITAM University, Visakhapatnam 


The Indian IT industries sector facing the challenge of tremendous growth in the present days, retaining the best workforce to sustain organizational growth and competitiveness had become strategically important. This paper makes an attempt to study the opinion of the employees working in IT Industries in Bangalore with respect to various issues and factors influencing talent retention in these organizations. The study has revealed that variables like those of Conflicts avoided among employees, Company rules and regulation made to benefit the employees, Employee Satisfaction in Working Conditions; Ergonomics to work were identified to be important retention variables preferred by respondents. Respondent demographic variables such as age had significant association with retention dimensions such as organizational image and supervisory support. Similarly marital status had significant association with working conditions and welfare as retention dimensions. On the other hand, the retention variable like Performance appraisals and stay motivated, Incentives, perks cash prizes with annual income level of the respondents. People working in IT industries in Bangalore have expressed their dissatisfaction on the training and development opportunities and working hours in their organizations.

J. Vijayakumar 
Asst. Prof. Department of Management Studies,
Acharya Institute of Management and sciences, Bangalore -58 

Dr. Navaneetha Kumar
Prof & HOD, department of Management Studies, Adhiyamaan
College of Engineering Hosur.

Mr. R. Nagarajan
Asst. Prof. Department of Management Studies, Acharya Institute
of Management and sciences, Bangalore -58,


Every era itself arise natural queries of good governance through anthropological, social, ideological, ethical, cultural, educational, economical, political and factual commands. Relations of good governance and bureaucracy are obvious which in dearth of professional standards. An introspect from bureaucracy which leads to variform reaffirmations.

Mohammed Viquaruddin 
Assistant Professor in Political Science 
Deogiri College, Aurangabad. 


Poverty is an economic issue for the government, but for the poor, poverty is a social issue. Poverty as a global issue is associated not only with insufficient income or consumption but also with insufficient outcomes with respect to health, nutrition, literacy, and with deficient social relations, insecurity, low self-esteem and powerlessness. In poor economies, incomes for rural households may fluctuate during the year, according to the harvest cycle. In urban economies with large informal sectors, income flows may also be erratic. This implies a potential difficulty for households in correctly recalling their income, in which case, the information on income derived from the survey may be of low quality (Coudowel, Hentschel & Wodown, 2002). This is not to deny that poverty has close links with low income. But what about a country like India where poverty is all that the poors have and poverty is the choice they make? In this case income can neither be a measure nor be a remedy to poverty, where people neither have the urge nor the scope to earn. Again this monetary measure is unidimensional and neglects the different characteristics of households. It concentrates on anti-poverty strategies on increasing an individual's income level, rather than on investing in public services (Minujin, Delamonica, Gonzalez & Davidziuk, 2005). The objective of this paper is to throw light on the parameters of poverty other than income, which may be the cause of poverty and can provide remedial measures to eradicate the chronic disease. The paper is prepared to justify that income is not an end to measure poverty but only a means to it and to deal poverty as a social issue with a very common view, rather than dealing with it as an economic issue.

Antarjeeta Nayak 
Research Scholar, Department of Humanities and Social Science 
NIT, Rourkela 

Ramakrishna Biswal
Assistent Pro. Department of Humanities and Social Science


The research was conducted with the purpose to study the spiritual behaviour and sleeping behaviour among diabetics and non-diabetics. It was hypothesized that non-diabetics spend more time on spiritual activity and have healthier sleeping behaviour than diabetics. The sample consisted of 200 diabetics and non-diabetics in the age range of 40-60 years. The data was collected with the help of self-constructed questionnaire. t test was applied to study the significance of difference between the spiritual behaviour and sleeping behaviour of diabetics and non-diabetics. Results showed that mean score for spiritual activity behaviour is 5.27 and 20.28 for diabetics and non diabetics respectively. Similarly, for sleeping behaviour mean score is 3.64 and 3.24 for diabetics and non diabetics respectively. t value for spiritual behaviour is 3.96 which is significant at .01 level and for physical activity behaviour, t value is 4.97 which is also significant at .01 level. Results revealed that non-diabetics spend more time on spiritual behaviour and have healthier sleeping behaviour than diabetics. Therefore, it can be concluded that healthy sleeping behaviour and high spiritual behaviour, which leads to better well being, diminishes chances of occurrence of diabetes.

Ira Das 
Head, Department of Psychology 
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 

Shraddha Sharma
Project Fellow, Department of Psychology
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra


It is estimated that over 100,000 people die by suicide in India every year. Majority of suicides occur among men and among adolescents. Research and epidemiological studies indicate that suicidal behaviors appear particularly problematic among college students and young adults. Since 1980s, researchers have been interested in the relationship among certain personality traits and suicidal ideation, particularly perfectionism. At the core perfectionism is thought of as: "the irrational belief that you and/or your environment must be perfect, while striving to be the best, to reach the ideal, and to never make a mistake". When perfectionists fail to achieve their unreasonable goals, they turn inward and become excessively self-critical and demoralized; consequently, this endless cycle ultimately leads to lower self-esteem, anxiety and depression, which has led many to postulate that these self-defeating thoughts and negative appraisals may lead to suicidal ideation. In order to explore this relationship between perfectionism, self esteem and suicidal ideation, the present study was conducted. A sample of 100 undergraduate students (40 males; 60 females) were taken. They were administered Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Dr. Randy O. Frost, 1990), Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES) (Dr. Morris Rosenberg, 1965) and Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (Dr. William M. Reynolds, 1991). Results revealed significant association among Maladaptive Perfectionism was positively correlated with Suicidal Ideation whereas Self Esteem and Suicidal Ideation were inversely related. Overall findings were in line with the hypothesis formulated.

Mandeep Kaur 
Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Punjabi University, Patiala 
Anju Rani 
Research Scholar, Psychology Department, Punjabi University, Patiala.


The science of research is pentahedral. I define the science of research as, “study of research behavior of researchers’’ in relation to the wants and needs of the society, but under the frame work of the broadest perspective beyond the wants of an individual, total individual, and universal social organization”. The definition may be explained as: individual has wants (economics), he behaves as a unit (psychology), he behaves as an integral part of the whole, the social organization (sociology), and finally, with universal perspective (philosophy). The science of research has five foundations viz sociological, philosophical, psychological, economical, and educational. Among the five, each one has got its own significance in visualizing and developing the science of research. Research is from the society, by the society, and for the society. Philosophy directs the research, the psychology is the real process of research, and economics economizes the research resources, efforts, process and products. The educational foundations serves two functions viz. (a) sustenance of research trends, and content for generations together and (b) facilitate enhancement of the research methods and content to keep up-to-date in flow of time. Hence forth, the second cycle starts – education to sociology, philosophy, psychology, economics to the third cycle and so on.

Professor Subbarayan Peri, Ph.D., D. Litt. 
Professor of Education Director Internal Quality Assurance Cell 
R. S. University Tirupati - 517 064, India.


Distance education is an empowering vehicle and provides access to higher education to a large segment of society. The need for distance education is felt due to the information explosion, population explosion and its in-built characteristic of cost effectiveness. Distance learning system is a boon for the learners who are self-motivated; belong to the marginalized or unprivileged groups and residents of remote places, physically impaired people, drop outs but willing to continue their study. It offers flexibility, autonomy to learners, and application of modern technology, cultivates the habit of independent learning in the absence of peer learning group and caters to the needs of heterogeneous group of learners. Thus, it could be concluded that this century is full of competition and there is lots of demand for interdisciplinary skills. Distance Education is boon to this era as it helps in continuous skills up gradation using latest technology.

Shailendra Gupta 
Principal, Calorx Institute of Education, Ahmedabad 

Avani Trivedi 
Asst. Regional Director, IGNOU, Ahmedabad


Evaluation can take many forms, but any process directly involves the teacher. Teacher’s Self-evaluation is a process whereby teacher collects the data on his own teaching effectiveness and analysis the information to consider improvement to that teaching. This process can be undertaken in a number of ways. However, the unique benefit of teacher’s selfevaluation is the close involvement of teacher in the consideration of the effectiveness of their own teaching. This article considers self-evaluation, teacher’s self-evaluation and suggests a technique that has been found to be successful for teacher himself, students, institution and by this, Quality Enhancement in Education and quality assurance in education system.

Associate Professor in Education, P.G. Department of Education, 
K. S. K. V. Kachchh University, Bhuj- 370001, Gujarat, India. 

Jalpa H. Gajjar
Lecturer, S. M. N. K. Dalal College of Education for Women,
Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.


This paper explored that teacher education has a significant role in responding to the environmental problems. For effective teacher education, it needs to be re-oriented. Our education system has traditionally been very weak in nurturing such capacities i.e. Capacities to feel, examine the prominence of environment related issues. Policy planers and teachers should actively participate to this change. Necessary political actions should be planned for environmental awareness at all educational level.

Jitesh K Talati 
Shree R. P. Ananda College of Education, Borsad, Anand

Jignesh B. Patel
Smt. S. I. Patel Ipcowala College of Education, Petlad, Dist. Anand


Education today has become tough, complex and tedious process. The Lack of quality in Education and Present Evaluation system adds to the degradation of Education. To achieve the goals of high quality education, we just have to feel Education. We ought to do duty with responsibility. Professionalism penetrating in Education should be curbed. Education should be imparted with feeling by considering the feeling because education process deals with live, emotional personalities. Least stress on marks and grade, developing positive attitude, avoiding negative reinforcers and prejudice, removal of unwanted fear, developing confidence and morals, imparting value education, active participation of teachers & Student, hard work by teachers, free discipline, devotion and dedication towards the job, students and Nation must be considered and developed by Education. The freedom to speech, thought and expression should be given by developing thinking ability among the students. The idea of working on students for students with patience, confidence and full spirit should be practised. Education should be not for students rather for our children.

Milan Mistry 
Associate Professor 
Education Department Gujarat University


Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have played a paramount role and penetrated in every aspect of human activity and have a vital role to play in the field of education and training, specially, in distance education to transform it into an innovative form of experience. The need of new technologies in teaching learning process grows stronger and faster. The information age becomes an era of knowledge providing sound and unmatched feasibility for discovery, ICT and exploration to strengthen the teaching learning process. ICT help in promoting opportunities of knowledge sharing throughout and all over. Accurate and right information is necessary for Decision making, Effective teaching and learning. Learner is independent and they can make best decisions possible about their studies, learning time, place and resources, in a distance mode learning and teaching. Students are able to work in collaborative and interactive learning environments effectively communicating, sharing information and exchanging ideas and learning experiences in all walks of life. In this paper role of ICT and their application and constraints have been brought in a simple form, so that ICT is not to be taken as panacea, rather modern and useful technology to be used in our advantage.

Smita Dave 
JG College of Education for Women (P.G.) 
Opp.Gulab Tower, Sola Road, Ahmedabad-61


We like to tell stories. We tell stories about mathematics, about mathematicians, and about doing mathematics. We do this because we enjoy it and because the students like it. And we do it because we believe that it is an effective instructional tool in the teaching of mathematics. There is ample literature to support the enjoyment of storytelling on the part of both the story teller and the story listener. There is also an abundance of data that suggest that telling a story creates more vivid, powerful and memorable images in a listener’s mind than does any other means of delivery of the same material. There is beauty in a story well told, and there is beauty of a story that can move a listener to think, to imagine, and to learn. This paper deals with how a teacher can make mathematics teaching-learning interesting by storytelling.

Kalpana Modi
Associate Professor,
P.V.D.T. College of Education for Women,
S.N.D.T. Women’s University, Mumbai- 400020


Formative assessment is a range of formal and informal assessment procedures employed by teachers during the learning process in order to modify teaching and learning activities to improve student attainment. Formative assessment is more valuable for day-to-day teaching when it is used to adapt the teaching to meet students’ needs. Formative assessment helps teachers to monitor their students’ progress and to modify the instruction accordingly. It also helps students to monitor their own progress as they get feedback from their peers and the teacher. In mathematics education, formative assessment is diagnostic. To employ formative assessment in the classrooms, a teacher has to make sure that each student participates in the learning process by expressing their ideas; there is a trustful environment -in which students can provide each other
with feedback; she/he (the teacher) provides students with feedback; and the instruction is modified according to students’ needs.

R.S. Patel
Professor & Head,
Department of Education,
Director, School of Psychology, Education & Philosophy,
Gujarat University, Ahmedabad-9.


The general notice of education a few thousand years ago, was that of someone assigning lessons to a group of young people and punishing them for their mistakes. But now with the introduction of several communication media in transferring sophisticated knowledge into simple and understandable form and with substantial change in the education norms as well as is moving towards a speedy evolution. So, teacher education programme is must in order to have efficient and really capable teachers. The behaviour of teachers can be modified desirably by these programmes. In the present study teacher behaviour means the behaviour or activities of persons as they go about doing whatever is required of teachers particularly those activities which are concerned with the guidance and direction of the learning activities of students. The objectives of the study were to study the observation pattern of classroom interaction at both primary and secondary levels in the light of Flander’s interaction analysis and to compare them. The multi stage sampling was used. Ten primary and ten secondary schools of Bhiwani district were randomly selected. Survey method was used. For the analysis and interpretation of data Mean, S. D. and ‘t’ test was used.

Precious Sheoran
Research Scholar
Shri J.J.T. University, Chudela, Jhunjhunu (Raj.)


This paper major objective was to find out the level of emotional intelligence with reference to the gender, area and category of the students of standard twelth. Normative survey method was employed. The stratified random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Out of 100 sample 45 male students and 55 female students from higher secondary schools of Lunawada taluka of Gujarat state. Emotional Intelligence scale was used for the present study. This scale was developed and standardized by Dr. Pallaviben P. Patel and Dr. Hitesh P. Patel. The ‘t’ test was used for data analysis statistical technique. The result revealted that the level of emotional intelligence of standard twelth students in Lunawada taluka moderate. Significant differences were found in emotional intelligence of standard twelth students with regard to gender and area. However, open category and reserved category students were found to have similar level of emotional intelligence.

L.G. Malav
Associate Professor
Department of Education,
Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-9


The commonly used available scales for measurement of socio-economic status (SES) with some cross regional applicability are old and have lost their relevance. There is a need for the development of a valid and reliable instrument for measurement of SES in rural and urban communities in India. The present study was undertaken to develop a cross regionally applicable scale for the purpose of enlisting true measures of socio-economic items applicable in multilingual, multicultural, multi religious, setting of the country. For developing the scale, 10 components presumably determining the socioeconomic status were selected. These indicators were named as profiles. The final version of the scale was arrived at through two trial administrations on rural and urban families. The basis of selection of the families for the two trials was stratified random. The validity and reliability of the scale was established through defined test-retest methods. Both the initial version as well as the final version of the scale for the measurement of SES of incumbents had ten components. The difference between the two versions was in terms of contents and range of items in different categories of SES. The final version was arrived at through field trials and suggestions of the experts. The reliability of the scale was high with a correlation coefficient.

Nehaben Dahyabhai Thakkr
Christian College of Education, Anand, Gujarat.


Present study compared the mental health of Visually Disabled, Orthopaedically Disabled and Non-disabled students. The sample consisted of 90 male students (30 visually disabled, 30 orthopaedically disabled and 30 non-disabled) of grade 8 to 10 purposively selected from Panipat, Ambala and Chandigarh. The researcher used descriptive survey method for the present study. The 56 items Mental Health Inventory (MHI) developed by Dr. A. K. Srivastava and Dr. Jagadish (1983) was used for collection of data. Data obtained were analyzed using statistics like Mean, Standard Deviation, and t-test. Findings indicate significant difference in the mental health of visually disabled and orthopaedically disabled students, with orthopaedically disabled students having better mental health than their visually disabled counterparts. Significant difference also exists in the mental health of visually disabled and non-disabled students, with non-disabled students having better mental health than visually disabled students. Results further reveal a significant difference in the mental health of non-disabled and orthopaedically disabled students, with non-disabled students having better mental health than their ortjopaedically disabled counterparts. Implications of mental health were suggested for visually disabled and orthopaedically disabled students specifically.

Radhakanta Gartia
Senior Research Fellow, Department of Education, Kurukshetra University,


Metacognition has application for many arenas of school success. The essence of metacognition is awareness of one's cognitive processes, as well as an ability to develop a plan for achieving a goal and evaluating one's effectiveness of reaching that goal. The importance of metacognition for high quality learning and problem solving is widely accepted. For example, experts, as well as possessing deep understanding of their specific subject areas, have also been found to be highly metacognitive.Thus, in the field of educational research, researches regarding metacognition are very useful. In order to understand metacognitive processes better, individual differences in metacognitive activities should be examine. And for that purpose it is necessary to know or identify the level of student's metacognition.

Viral B. Jadav
Prakash College of Education
Thaltej, Ahmedabad


Drug addiction is one of the phenomenons of human pollution in society, which is an alarming situation in the state of Manipur. Not only the young boys and girls, many matured and distinguish persons of social status groups in the adult members of the society had also been found addicted day by day. Due to drug addiction and alcoholism, many precious life
of the young and adult have been killed during last three decades and also the victims of HIV/AIDS have increasing in an alarming rate in the state. Many wives, children and persons have been becoming living death. For controlling these situations many social activists, social reformers and ONGs have made various attempts to eradicate the problems. They
also establish many de-addiction centers for drug addition in the state under the funding of central government. Here, the investigator tried to find out strong and weak points of the different de-addiction centers that how far these centers tried to normalize the lives of addicted persons. And it also tried to find out some of the remedial measures to improve the functions of the said centers for the welfare of the state as well as nation.

K. Manitombi Devi 
Research Scholar 
Department of Education, CMJ University, Meghalaya


The article attempts to enquire the quality status of teacher education is given at the different teacher’s training colleges located in the state of Manipur, by examining the strong and weak points of the whole systems/process of secondary teacher education on the basis of teacher’s opinions and student’s opinion. The article also tries to find out some of the suggestive measures in order to improve the quality of secondary teacher education under Manipur University given in the state of Manipur. It is the new area of study, which is not conducted by anybody before.

By, Taorem Surendra Singh, 
Research Scholar, CMJ university, Shillong,(Meghalaya), India.