Saturday, 5 May 2012


This paper is principally focused on the employment trends in India during 1983-2010 with a focus on the latest employment figure from NSS, 2009-10. The results indicate that Work Participation Rate has declined for all segments of population except rural male, particularly in 2009-10. Among the industrial distribution, agriculture and manufacturing made negative contributions to the increase in employment, whereas construction played the dominant role followed by finance, insurance and real estate and business services and electricity, gas and water sector. The proportion of both male and female in both the areas engaged in the agricultural activities gradually fell. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the proportion of both male and female engaged in industrial and services sector. In terms of status of employment, SE group has declined with the increasing share of CL and RW employment where the CL benefited most of it.
By Deepak Kumar Vivek Bhatt 
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


The present study was undertaken to identify the effect of religious fasting on health of women in urban and rural society. Fasting means absolute abstention from taking any kind of food for a definite period with a view to give rest to the different organs of the body and their processes, thereby helping them to get cleaned. Waste products and impurities which can show seeds of disease in the human body can be removed in simplest, easiest and most natural way through means of fasting. In other words fasting have several health benefits including increasing insulin sensitivity, stress resistance, reduced morbidity and increase in life span. The present study was conducted on hundred respondents of Sonbhadra district of which fifty respondents were from rural population and fifty were from urban population The data was collected by a pretested and predesigned questionnaire-cum interview schedule method .The study revealed that the rural population follow more rigid fasting pattern than urban population without taking any food sometimes even water which is not true for health. Restricted food and meals during twenty four and twelve hour fasting cause weakness, headache, flatulence, acidity and constipation more in rural women than urban women. The study shows that although rural women fast strictly on the fasting day but on the day next to fasting they take extra or compensatory diet to overcome the weakness whereas in urban population a less per cent (fourteen) does the same, because they were liberal in food intake during fasting.
Key words- fasting, health benefits, complications, flatulence.
By Richa Singh and Sunita Singh
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


The present study was conducted to study the encouragement of positive emotions amongst blind,spastic, normal of different socio-economic status by implying a 3x3 two factor factorial design. The elements of the sample were 600 out of which 270 elements were selected as the final sample as per requirement of the research paradigm. Two standardized tests ; the emotional competence scale (2007) and socio-economic status scale (2006) constructed and standardized by Sharma and Bhardwaj and Bhardwaj were used for the collection of data. It may be concluded that encouragement of positive emotions have been found more in spastic children high socio-economic status in comparison to both the normal and blind children of same status. Both the normal and blind children of low socio-economic status also have more positive emotions as compared to spastic ones of low socio-economic status.
By Dr. Ritu Agrawal 
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


The present article attempts an analysis of human behaviour as communication in Harold Pinter's. The Homecoming. Though, much has been written on the play from the communication and interactional point of view, most of it only focuses on the behavioural part of the characters. The ways in which they interact with each other reveals a significant part of their communication style. Based on the previous studies in the area, our approach depicts the pattern of human communication in a confined space. It also focuses on how characters behave with each other to convey their message. Pinter has, undoubtedly, shown in The Homecoming that how a certain type of interaction can convey a unique sort of dramatic communication.
Keywords: Communication, Human behaviour, Pinteresque, The Homecoming, Pause.
By Manjari Johri and Sudhir Kumar Pandey
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is not a new term. Corporate Social Responsibility has changed a lot from its initial acceptance as a concept/practice given by Dell Carnegie, where it was just about contributing towards the society. In its evolution it has gone through a lot of changes, in terms of the way it is practiced from simply giving donations to employee oriented mechanisms like employee volunteerism. Today CSR acts as important tool for organisation just as to engage creating positive brand about themselves, but has got direct impact on the way the important stakeholder , employees react ti it. Employee volunteerism is a new way organisations are trying to engage the psotive aspects of employee, but as the profit maximising nature of any firm in business, there are benefits for the organisation as well in terms of various Humn Resource aspects. The paper deals in Employee Volunteerism as a concept and its implications for both Employees and the employer. The paper is based on the literature aviable on the subject and includes some examples which are drving the re way through this new mechanism of CSR.
Key Words Corporate social Responsibility, Volunteerism, Employees, Benefits.
By Siddhartha Saxena and Priyanka Prempuri
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


This paper examines the social obstacles which increased stress of working women. To achieve the objectives of the study 120 working women were selected randomly from professional categories namely teachers, engineers and doctors with 40 respondents in each category. They were interviewed with the help of interview schedule. For analysis of data percentage, mean score, rank order and correlation coefficient were computed. The result showed that the major stressors for working women were lots of work, wrong policy of office, low amount & not get salary on time and work with whom they disliked and unexpected guest, child's bad habit, loneliness and their future, traditional customs and strain due to dual role responsibilities were obstacles at home perceived by all categories of respondents with different mean scores. Due to these factors they were faced different psychological problems. Study also revealed that teachers and engineers were highly stressed due to their home and workplace environment. But doctors were not stress due to home and workplace environment
By Shilpa Kaushal, Mukta Garg and Veena Shahi
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


TODAY’S WORLD is caught in a great economic crisis. Liberalization has brought several multinational companies into developing countries. Due to this the local enterprises are unable to compete with the products that are better in quality as well as lower in prices. In this economic environment, the women self-help groups (SHGs) are building themselves up as a power to be reckoned with. Currently there are more than one lakh women SHGs wherein 22.5 lakh women are functioning as members. Their total savings for capital investments is Rs. 320 crores.
By Dr. S. Chitra Devi,
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


Education is the need of the time. A child is admitted in the school at the age of 3 or 4 years andhe passes through several stages of education to develop himself into a social human being and a worthy citizen. During these stages he also passes through the different life stages as such the childhood, adolescence, and youth. The adolescence is that stage of development whereby he feels several changes related to the physical, mental, moral, psychological, social, and emotional development. In the present study adjustment means a constant harmonious interaction between a person and his environment. The objectives of the study were to study the effect of birth order, gender and the medium of instruction of the adolescents on their adjustment. The Multi-stage sampling was used. Four high schools of Ahmedabad district were randomly selected of which two schools were from the rural area whereas other two were in the urban area. Thus 120 students of high schools were selected. Survey method was used and a Standardised adjustment inventory prepared by K. G. Desai (1997) was used and the data was collected from the above said sample. For the analysis and interpretation of data Mean, S.D, and t-test was used. The study concluded that adjustment of the adolescents of Ahmedabad district bearing the different birth order, gender and medium of instruction schools of Ahmedabad district is the same.
By Avdhesh S. Jha Amit Dwivedi and Prashant V. Singh
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)


In a predominantly agricultural economy like ours, Dairy Development plays a vital role in providing self employment in rural areas and ensuring nutrition to the population. Dairy Development in Tamil Nadu dates back to the 1920s when the State Co-operative Department stated organizing milk Co-operative societies. Dairy Development acquires special significance when nature plays truant as is the case today, in Tamil Nadu, where unprecedented drought has hit the lives of many rural people. Even feeling of milk animals has become very difficult. Hence, efficient dairy development calls for an integrated approach namely rearing maintenance and marketing of milk and as its allied products. As Gandhi clearly pointedout, Villagers are the backbone of the Indian Economy. In rural areas cattle rearing is one of the occupations especially among the rural poor comprising of farmers and artisans- It can fetch a considerable amount of additional income for their livestock. It provides employment opportunity to the uneducated children in rural areas. The waste items namely cow dung is used as a prime material for production of cow dung gas which is largely used as cooking fuel. The total population of livestock is in India is 35334 million according to the 1972 census. In percentage of target is animal husbandry.
By Dr. M. Perumal and Mr. T. Prakash
(Full article is published in Voice of Research- An International Journal)