This paper is principally focused on the employment trends in India during 1983-2010 with a focus on the latest employment figure from NSS, 2009-10. The results indicate that Work Participation Rate has declined for all segments of population except rural male, particularly in 2009-10. Among the industrial distribution, agriculture and manufacturing made negative contributions to the increase in employment, whereas construction played the dominant role followed by finance, insurance and real estate and business services and electricity, gas and water sector. The proportion of both male and female in both the areas engaged in the agricultural activities gradually fell. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the proportion of both male and female engaged in industrial and services sector. In terms of status of employment, SE group has declined with the increasing share of CL and RW employment where the CL benefited most of it.
By Deepak Kumar Vivek Bhatt
(Full article is published in Voice of Research-An International Journal)