Sunday, 30 September 2012


In the recent years, there is an increasing number of suicides amongst the students, reflects the state of emotional imbalance. Which demands some concrete, effective, feasible proactive programmes to address the issues of the socio-emotional and health problems of the students appropriate to evolve more effective and student friendly educational system? This study was carried out on 311 engineering students to find out how they rate themselves on some cognitive parameters, state of anxiety, depression and general health problems, getting reflected in the form of psychosomatic symptoms and the whole effort has been made to explore cognitive, emotional and health profile of the student as they perceive on seven points scale with purpose of understanding of students on these cognitive competence, affective strength and physical health, which cause serious challenge to the educational institutions. The findings are alarming! A large percent of students are having severe anxiety, higher depression, problems in cognitive and health parameters. The results suggest that, the crisis among the engineering students is deeply rooted in to family, past educational system; many unresolved conflicts at 10+2 level travel to the new campus due to several social, educational and age specific factors. Findings strongly suggest for initiating effective programmes of counselling and guidance services for students, surveillance of those having poor family and peer groups support.

M.S. Nagananda 
Research Scholar,
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, 
Indian Institute of Technology (IITD) & AIIMS, New Delhi.

Head, Department of Social Sciences,
National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), New Delhi.

Amit Sengupta
Adjunct Professor, Bio-medical Engineering,
Centre for Biomedical Engineering (CBME), IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.

S.M.K. Rahman
Senior Design Engineer,
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.

J. Santhosh
Computer Services Centre IITD, New Delhi.

S. Anand
Center for Bio-Medical Engineering, IITD & AIIMS, New Delhi.


Do the Indian students have the required traits in expected measures to pursue entrepreneurship as an alternative to their career? Is there any difference in the traits possessed by the students in comparison with the international averages? A Study of students of Manipal University, Karnataka, India was conducted using the General Entrepreneurial Tendency Test GETT) developed at Durham University by John and Caird to identify the entrepreneurial traits of the students. The purpose of the study is to explore the entrepreneurial traits of Indian University students and compare it with international averages. The study is also made to explore if there are any variation of traits amongst the gender, background or streams which the students are studying in.This paper helps in understanding whether the Indian students possess required traits which are necessary to enable them to consider Entrepreneurship as an option for their future goals. Secondly ithelps to understand if the scores of the Indian students are deviating from the average scores in order to draw conclusions based on the same.Thefindings revealed that the scores for all the traits were below average. However, it also revealed that the female students are scoring higher in many of the traits as compared to male students. Future research using a wider sample isnecessary to understand the entrepreneurial traits amongst various groups in order to develop different approaches to teaching entrepreneurship as well as capacity building of entrepreneurial students.


Associate Professor 
Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration 
Manipal University


Today, meeting customers’ anticipations are the major challenges facing by the employees of banking services in India. This is why improvement of quality of service delivery is a vital concern for banking services. Quality of service delivery is increasingly being seen as a key strategic differentiator within the financial services sector, with most major players undertaking some form of quality initiative. Thus, the present study focuses on customer views and anticipations of service delivery in selected public, private and foreign banks in Andhra Pradesh. The study conducted among six banks of Andhra Pradesh, viz., State Bank of India (SBI) and Punjab National Bank (PNB) in public sector banks being the largest and oldest banks in India, ICICI Bank and Axis Bank in the private sector banks being the 2nd largest bank and most successful bank in India, and Citibank and Standard Chartered Bank having the maximum operations in India among the foreign banks. Technology and people are playing an important role in the service delivery process, the optimum mix of these (technology and people) decides the competitive advantage of an organization in the service delivery process A sample of 600 useable questionnaires of customers has been analyzed. The study concluded that delivering high quality of services delivery is one of the best ways for banks to react to competition. The outcome of the study shows that banks can assess dimensions of service delivery to determine the level of services provided and to decide which dimensions need improvement.

N. R. Mohan Prakash 
Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, GITAM Institute of Management, 
GITAM University, Visakhapatnam 


The Indian IT industries sector facing the challenge of tremendous growth in the present days, retaining the best workforce to sustain organizational growth and competitiveness had become strategically important. This paper makes an attempt to study the opinion of the employees working in IT Industries in Bangalore with respect to various issues and factors influencing talent retention in these organizations. The study has revealed that variables like those of Conflicts avoided among employees, Company rules and regulation made to benefit the employees, Employee Satisfaction in Working Conditions; Ergonomics to work were identified to be important retention variables preferred by respondents. Respondent demographic variables such as age had significant association with retention dimensions such as organizational image and supervisory support. Similarly marital status had significant association with working conditions and welfare as retention dimensions. On the other hand, the retention variable like Performance appraisals and stay motivated, Incentives, perks cash prizes with annual income level of the respondents. People working in IT industries in Bangalore have expressed their dissatisfaction on the training and development opportunities and working hours in their organizations.

J. Vijayakumar 
Asst. Prof. Department of Management Studies,
Acharya Institute of Management and sciences, Bangalore -58 

Dr. Navaneetha Kumar
Prof & HOD, department of Management Studies, Adhiyamaan
College of Engineering Hosur.

Mr. R. Nagarajan
Asst. Prof. Department of Management Studies, Acharya Institute
of Management and sciences, Bangalore -58,


Every era itself arise natural queries of good governance through anthropological, social, ideological, ethical, cultural, educational, economical, political and factual commands. Relations of good governance and bureaucracy are obvious which in dearth of professional standards. An introspect from bureaucracy which leads to variform reaffirmations.

Mohammed Viquaruddin 
Assistant Professor in Political Science 
Deogiri College, Aurangabad. 


Poverty is an economic issue for the government, but for the poor, poverty is a social issue. Poverty as a global issue is associated not only with insufficient income or consumption but also with insufficient outcomes with respect to health, nutrition, literacy, and with deficient social relations, insecurity, low self-esteem and powerlessness. In poor economies, incomes for rural households may fluctuate during the year, according to the harvest cycle. In urban economies with large informal sectors, income flows may also be erratic. This implies a potential difficulty for households in correctly recalling their income, in which case, the information on income derived from the survey may be of low quality (Coudowel, Hentschel & Wodown, 2002). This is not to deny that poverty has close links with low income. But what about a country like India where poverty is all that the poors have and poverty is the choice they make? In this case income can neither be a measure nor be a remedy to poverty, where people neither have the urge nor the scope to earn. Again this monetary measure is unidimensional and neglects the different characteristics of households. It concentrates on anti-poverty strategies on increasing an individual's income level, rather than on investing in public services (Minujin, Delamonica, Gonzalez & Davidziuk, 2005). The objective of this paper is to throw light on the parameters of poverty other than income, which may be the cause of poverty and can provide remedial measures to eradicate the chronic disease. The paper is prepared to justify that income is not an end to measure poverty but only a means to it and to deal poverty as a social issue with a very common view, rather than dealing with it as an economic issue.

Antarjeeta Nayak 
Research Scholar, Department of Humanities and Social Science 
NIT, Rourkela 

Ramakrishna Biswal
Assistent Pro. Department of Humanities and Social Science


The research was conducted with the purpose to study the spiritual behaviour and sleeping behaviour among diabetics and non-diabetics. It was hypothesized that non-diabetics spend more time on spiritual activity and have healthier sleeping behaviour than diabetics. The sample consisted of 200 diabetics and non-diabetics in the age range of 40-60 years. The data was collected with the help of self-constructed questionnaire. t test was applied to study the significance of difference between the spiritual behaviour and sleeping behaviour of diabetics and non-diabetics. Results showed that mean score for spiritual activity behaviour is 5.27 and 20.28 for diabetics and non diabetics respectively. Similarly, for sleeping behaviour mean score is 3.64 and 3.24 for diabetics and non diabetics respectively. t value for spiritual behaviour is 3.96 which is significant at .01 level and for physical activity behaviour, t value is 4.97 which is also significant at .01 level. Results revealed that non-diabetics spend more time on spiritual behaviour and have healthier sleeping behaviour than diabetics. Therefore, it can be concluded that healthy sleeping behaviour and high spiritual behaviour, which leads to better well being, diminishes chances of occurrence of diabetes.

Ira Das 
Head, Department of Psychology 
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra 

Shraddha Sharma
Project Fellow, Department of Psychology
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra


It is estimated that over 100,000 people die by suicide in India every year. Majority of suicides occur among men and among adolescents. Research and epidemiological studies indicate that suicidal behaviors appear particularly problematic among college students and young adults. Since 1980s, researchers have been interested in the relationship among certain personality traits and suicidal ideation, particularly perfectionism. At the core perfectionism is thought of as: "the irrational belief that you and/or your environment must be perfect, while striving to be the best, to reach the ideal, and to never make a mistake". When perfectionists fail to achieve their unreasonable goals, they turn inward and become excessively self-critical and demoralized; consequently, this endless cycle ultimately leads to lower self-esteem, anxiety and depression, which has led many to postulate that these self-defeating thoughts and negative appraisals may lead to suicidal ideation. In order to explore this relationship between perfectionism, self esteem and suicidal ideation, the present study was conducted. A sample of 100 undergraduate students (40 males; 60 females) were taken. They were administered Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Dr. Randy O. Frost, 1990), Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES) (Dr. Morris Rosenberg, 1965) and Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (Dr. William M. Reynolds, 1991). Results revealed significant association among Maladaptive Perfectionism was positively correlated with Suicidal Ideation whereas Self Esteem and Suicidal Ideation were inversely related. Overall findings were in line with the hypothesis formulated.

Mandeep Kaur 
Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Punjabi University, Patiala 
Anju Rani 
Research Scholar, Psychology Department, Punjabi University, Patiala.


The science of research is pentahedral. I define the science of research as, “study of research behavior of researchers’’ in relation to the wants and needs of the society, but under the frame work of the broadest perspective beyond the wants of an individual, total individual, and universal social organization”. The definition may be explained as: individual has wants (economics), he behaves as a unit (psychology), he behaves as an integral part of the whole, the social organization (sociology), and finally, with universal perspective (philosophy). The science of research has five foundations viz sociological, philosophical, psychological, economical, and educational. Among the five, each one has got its own significance in visualizing and developing the science of research. Research is from the society, by the society, and for the society. Philosophy directs the research, the psychology is the real process of research, and economics economizes the research resources, efforts, process and products. The educational foundations serves two functions viz. (a) sustenance of research trends, and content for generations together and (b) facilitate enhancement of the research methods and content to keep up-to-date in flow of time. Hence forth, the second cycle starts – education to sociology, philosophy, psychology, economics to the third cycle and so on.

Professor Subbarayan Peri, Ph.D., D. Litt. 
Professor of Education Director Internal Quality Assurance Cell 
R. S. University Tirupati - 517 064, India.


Distance education is an empowering vehicle and provides access to higher education to a large segment of society. The need for distance education is felt due to the information explosion, population explosion and its in-built characteristic of cost effectiveness. Distance learning system is a boon for the learners who are self-motivated; belong to the marginalized or unprivileged groups and residents of remote places, physically impaired people, drop outs but willing to continue their study. It offers flexibility, autonomy to learners, and application of modern technology, cultivates the habit of independent learning in the absence of peer learning group and caters to the needs of heterogeneous group of learners. Thus, it could be concluded that this century is full of competition and there is lots of demand for interdisciplinary skills. Distance Education is boon to this era as it helps in continuous skills up gradation using latest technology.

Shailendra Gupta 
Principal, Calorx Institute of Education, Ahmedabad 

Avani Trivedi 
Asst. Regional Director, IGNOU, Ahmedabad